Rule of the English 1664-1775

Period II Summary

New York Under The Duke of York : In England the Puritans had driven out the king and placed Oliver Cromwell at the head of the government. Soon after Cromwell's death, however, Charles II, returned to the throne in 1660; and one of his first acts was to give his brother, James, Duke of York, all the land lying between Connecticut and Delaware rivers. The Duke to secure this gift, which was not his brother's to give, armed and sent out a fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nichols.

New York Again a Dutch Colony : In 1673 the Dutch Republic was at war with England. A large Dutch fleet, lead by Cornelis Evertsen, was able to retake New York city without too much fuss. The victory was short lived following a peace treaty between the Dutch and England a few months later.

New York the English Province :In November, 1674, New York finally passed from the hands of the Dutch to remain for one hundred years an English province. The Duke of York tightened his grasp on the colony; to cover all doubt he secured a new grant from the king; he gave again New Jersey to Carteret and sent to New York as governor, Major Edmund Andros, who, he doubted not, would be thoroughly alive to his master's interest.

Dongan Charter :On the seventeenth of October, 1683, some seventy five years after the discovery of New York, the representatives of the citizens adopted a charter for their own government.

Aftermath of the Dongan Charter :This quick destruction of their long sought liberty stirred up rebellious feeling more fierce than the spirit which in earlier days prompted petitions and protests.

French in New York 1642 to 1713 :The Jesuits were finally defeated in their efforts to ally the Indians to the French by the fickle and deceitful nature of the Indians and by the interference of the French soldiers impatient of the slow progress of the priests.

English Rule 1691 to 1744 :Internal strife had been bitter during the early struggles with the French. The two parties which had grown up in the colony were known as Leislerians and the anti-Leislerians