The People of New York

(previous ... English Rule 1691 to 1744)

The Population

A sturdy infant the colony was already. The opening of the new century found 20,000 inhabitants. At the quarter (1725) the number was twice as many, 40,000; at the half century the number was again doubled and when another twenty five years brought 1775 and the close of English rule, the population, doubled again, was 160,000 *.

* The exact figures are, in 1708, 20,665; 1723, 40,564; 1749, 73,348; 1771, 163,337. American Cyclopedia.

Distribution

The people were filling the Hudson Valley, spreading over Orange and Ulster counties and further north they were looking longingly to the land where the Mohawk would easily carry them. In this valley Schenectady was long the last town; the land beyond, which remained unsettled from fear of the French and their Indian allies, was known as the Indian country. But nothing could long keep the settlers from tilling this rich low-lying land. They planned to process the hunting grounds of the Iroquois, they cheated and maddened the savages at times, but they got the land.

A fort was built at the mouth of the Schoharie Creek and named from Governor Hunter. This officer with visionary and costly scheme of colonization brought to America three thousand Germans from the persecuted district of Palatinate. Some of these people , disappointed in the places provised for them along the Hudson, pushed westward from Schenectady and marked their settlements with the names Palatine Bridge and German Flats.

(continues .... The Indian and French Trade)